Faith and Politics

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We have little sense of Nietzsche’s relation to his contemporaries or forebears. An impermissible action makes the opposite action, not just permissible, but obligatory. Relativism often includes moral relativism (ethics depend on a social construct), situational relativism (right or wrong is based on the particular situation), and cognitive relativism (truth itself has no objective standard). I ruefully note that in the literature supplied with the evaluation materials, the American Institute for Character Education felt the need to point out that the CEC does not "teach secular humanism, values clarification, or situational ethics."

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An Introduction to Ethics: For Training Colleges

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It is also closely related to respect for communities and practices (MacIntyre & Dunne, 2002). Moral Nihilism, which holds that ethical claims are generally false. Ethical mandates from society and church do not qualify as genuine philosophical ethics. While it is true that formally speaking some value assumptions must be made if a value conclusion is to be drawn, it may also be the case that these value premises can be seen to be so basic and "self- evident" as to command virtually universal assent.

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Bootcamp Babysitter

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Further, someone might say that one at least needed to stay alive to "flourish." The priest and Levite in Jesus's act virtuously in order to please God, where the Samaritan responds more directly to the needs of another person. It is important that all healthcare professionals value and support their peers who have the courage to stand up and speak out against unethical behavior even when others are silent or differ in opinion.

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Moral Relativism, Moral Diversity, & Human Relationships

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Since we know this works both ways, we strive to be reliable as well ; to treat others with the same regard and respect that we expect them to extend to us. Socrates focus was on morality and politics, which affected everyone's life. ... (Magee, 1998) The belief differences between Socrates and Plato are hard to determine because they are based solely on Plato"s writing, making them biased. ... Christopher Boehm (1982) [21] has hypothesized that the incremental development of moral complexity throughout hominid evolution was due to the increasing need to avoid disputes and injuries in moving to open savanna and developing stone weapons.

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Choices: Making Right Decisions in a Complex World

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Some sociobiologists contend that the set of behaviors that constitute morality evolved largely because they provided possible survival and/or reproductive benefits (i.e. increased evolutionary success). Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. Whether we can make competent judgments about what will contribute to our proper fulfillment depends on whether we have the requisite intellectual and moral virtues. I've heard it isn't forbidden: what is the role of the nephrologist when dealing with a patient who wants to buy a kidney?

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The Essential Santayana: Selected Writings (American

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Important features of the game would have been lost, though perhaps not enough to make it lose fan appeal or interest. So the more selfish, the more they should despise there own behavior when viewed externally. Morality and ethics in Western and non-Western societies have similar importance in that human social and interpersonal behavior is under the necessity of the adjustment of interests among individuals for attaining the general well-being of the community.

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The works of Francis Bacon (v.002)

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Everyone human being on the planet carries with them a moral philosophy of some sort. It may be difficult for someone of one culture to comprehend these differences, and this defines cultural relativism—different cultures have different moral codes. There will still be penance, which can take many forms, through prayer or even through good works. For example, how one pursues normative ethics will be greatly affected by one’s metaethical assumptions.

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Free Will and Luck

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Yet empirical studies have not found any objective basis for this confidence. Although Montaigne was a devout Catholic, he used neither dogma nor theology to test claims about the good life. Not only does Harris believe that scientific knowledge can inform moral decisions, but he asserts that science can determine moral values. We argue that the fragility of contemporary marriages—and the corresponding high rates of divorce—can be explained (in large part) by a three-part mismatch: between our relationship values, our evolved psychobiological natures, and our modern social, physical, and technological environment. “Love drugs” could help address this mismatch by boosting our psychobiologies while keeping our values and our environment intact.

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Prolegomena to Ethics (British Moral Philosophers)

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Moral Nihilism, which holds that ethical claims are generally false. For the mature Kant, all the motives but the first fall short morally, since goodhearted impulse is not a matter of will and determination but of feelings that may be accidential and irrational, appearances of honor may have no moral or prudential connection at all, and self-interested prudence may reject immoral action as merely inexpedient -- or embrace it as the opposite.

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Letters from a Stoic: Epistulae Morales Ad Lucilium

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I undertake the precept to refrain from taking that which is not given. "Aware of the suffering caused by exploitation, social injustice, stealing, and oppression, I am committed to cultivating loving kindness and learning ways to work for the well-being of people, animals, plants, and minerals. Some suggest that ethics is not simply a matter of opinion and that there exists a set of moral principles that are better than any other. Though its promise was great, the rise of commercial society also meant the loss of valuable old ways and posed new challenges of its own.

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